Have you ever wondered what happens when you type in a Uniform Resource Identifier (commonly known as URL) or click on a search term? Most internet users never give it a thought.
If you run a website, it’s important to understand what a web server is, its functions, and benefits.
A web server is a program that uses Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) to deliver content or web pages to users who type your site’s URL or click on pages on your site. Web servers can serve hundreds of visitors clicking the same URL simultaneously.
Basically, anything you do such as downloading files, publishing blogs or opening emails are made possible because of web servers.
Here, we discuss the top 5 best web servers your organization needs.
Developed and released in 2003 by Jan Kneschke, Lighttpd (pronounced – lighty), is lightweight and ideal for high load servers. It is optimized for faster performance in environments with heavy parallel connections. It’s also known for its low memory footprint, small CPU-load, and advanced features like SCGI and Auth.
If you’re looking for a combination of security, speed, and convenience, LiteSpeed has got you covered. With built-in anti-DDoS features, this web server lowers CPU and memory usage without affecting overall performance.
Its compatibility makes it the best choice if you want to replace Apache with zero downtime. It is integrated with CloudLinux and mod_security for maximum server protection. With LiteSpeed, you don’t need third-party caching. It simplifies the transition to Apache with one click.
3. Microsoft IIS
IIS is a product from Microsoft. Unlike other web servers, it’s not open source and has a rather complicated user-interface.
It works on all Windows platforms and offers more advanced security features. It uses ASP.NET Core application to serve web page requests to the end user. IIS focuses on flexibility and speed to ensure seamless operations in a fast-paced organization.
The current version IIS 10 has added functionality and features such as HTTP/2 protocol that lowers latency. It’s easily customizable and makes web applications management easy.
NGINX comes in second place with over 30% of all websites using it. Igor Sysoev’s concept was to design a web server to handle 10,000 concurrent connections. Its popularity is driven by its scalability and high efficiency.
It utilizes minimal resources while managing heavy user loads. NGINX not only serves as a web server but as a mail proxy server and has a simple configuration interface
5. Apache web server
Apache is the most common open source web server today. Developed by the Apache Software Foundation, it supports most of the operating systems. It runs on over 60% of all websites.
Apache uses a simple modular structure that allows you to load extra modules for extended features and modifications. It’s trusted for its reliability and stability.
It can run on multiple platforms with ease and is able to handle a large number of requests. It also supports HTTP/2.
Before you select the best web server for your organization, you have to consider your requirements, cost, the size of traffic, and its capabilities. Customer support should also be a top priority. When you experience an issue, immediate response is of paramount importance.